A brief rant about the separation of powers - Phil's Rambling Rants
A brief rant about the separation of powers|
Let me give you an example which you may find to be on point:
Suppose that I own a gun. We'll call it the BlastMaster 100. A local law-enforcement agency has a problem with my having that gun (it can fire 100 heat-seeking bullets in a single burst). We go to court, appeal up the chain, and the state supreme court finds that the gun is legal according to state law. I win.
The legislature then passes a law outlawing the BlastMaster 100. Unless the state (or perhaps Federal) constitution allows me to own a BlastMaster 100 (which would be an issue for the courts to decide), my precious gun is now illegal, despite the fact that it was found legal in a previous ruling of the court.
Now, if we apply the same logic to the Schiavo case, unless there is a constitutional issue that would make Michael Schiavo the sole arbiter of what his wife's wishes would be, then even though a court found it legal to remove her feeding tube based on the then-current law, it would be perfectly legal for the legislature to pass a law allowing the governor to appoint a guardian for the woman who would order the feeding tube reinserted.
Does that make sense?
|Date:||September 24th, 2004 03:54 pm (UTC)|| |
I suspect we're wandering deep enough into this morass that I should admit I don't know what I'm talking about and shut up.
The Florida Supreme Court found the law unconstitutional. My understanding is that no one was the least bit surprised, that everyone knew it was unconstitutional from the start, and if that's the case, the legislature and governor had no business passing and signing the law. My understanding of why it was unconstitutional is that, rather than making a general change in the law which could be applied objectively to new cases going forward (which would be pretty hard to tailor unless it completely outlawed removing feeding tubes, which I *hope* would be politically unacceptable), they made a law about this specific case, whose only purpose was to change one court decision without changing the law in general.
In your example, the legislature can pass a law that says from this day forward, no one can own a BlastMaster 100, but they can't pass a law that says Bill Roper can't own a BlastMaster 100, nor can they pass a law that says that Bill Roper wasn't allowed to own a BlastMaster 100 last year.
However, it's not uncommon for legislatures to carefully tailor a bill so that it applies to one person or corporation. For example, the Chicago City Council has passed various bills that apply to privately owned outdoor stadiums with seating capacities greater than 30,000 within the Chicago city limits.
By the greatest of coincidence, that would apply to Wrigley Field and no other venue.
Now I wouldn't disagree with an argument that said that such laws are generally bad public policy, but I don't see them getting thrown out in court very often.
|Date:||September 24th, 2004 05:16 pm (UTC)|| |
Isn't the Stadium-formerly-known-as-Comiskey in the city limits?
I can't any anything more to the details of why the law in the Schiavo case was tossed out, but it was, and I do think everyone knew it would be.
In any case, the only reason I mentioned the Schiavo case at all was it happened to be in the headlines on the same day as the House vote on not allowing the courts to hear challenges to the Pledge. I could bring up other examples (the so-called partial birth abortion ban and the attempts to ban Internet porn come to mind), but the real point under discussion was legislators who pass laws they know damn well will be struck down, and whether boiling in oil is sufficient or they should be staked to a fire ant hill for a week beforehand. Hyperbole aside, there are times Congress needs to be cited for contempt of court for the laws they pass.
The new stadium is owned by the Illinois Stadium Authority, which is a government body, so they aren't subject to that law. See how simple it is? :)
As far as, for instance, the partial birth abortion ban, well, Congress went to substantial trouble to attempt to document in both the bill and its legislative history that this was a procedure that was never necessary in order to preserve the health of the mother, all in an attempt to persuade the Supreme Court that the law shouldn't be struck down. We will eventually find out whether or not they were successful.
The point that I'm making is that legislators don't generally pass laws with the expectation that the courts will strike them down, contrary to your impression. Sometimes, yes, but not generally. In fact, there was a strong expectation in many quarters that the Supreme Court would strike down the McCain-Feingold campaign finance reform bill based on the restrictions it places on free speech, particularly on political speech, which is one of the areas of free speech most deserving of protection.
As you may have noticed, they didn't strike it down. Surprise!
|Date:||September 24th, 2004 10:27 pm (UTC)|| |
I never claimed that most legislation, or even a significant percentage of legislation, is knowingly unconstitutional; I just claimed that they do it far more often than I like or than I think they should be able to get a pass on. More than once in any given legislator's career is clearly too often -- doubly so when it's the same issue they've already been smacked down on once.
If we're going to get into a debate about the merits of McCain-Feingold, we need to start a new string. Maybe I'll write an entry about my thoughts on the subject one of these fine days.